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MassMutual's Customer-Led Marketing Revamp

Article posted on Direct Marketing News (

Even a market leader has to continually find ways to stand out. And in a commoditized industry, often the best differentiator is customer experience.

That's the situation MassMutual Retirement Services found itself in. MMRS is a profitable division of Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company (MassMutual). The 401(k) provider has more than 3 million plan participants, and has achieved record plan sales for the fourth year in a row, experiencing a 15% sales increase year-over-year. MMRS also has a 96% record plan retention rate, 5% higher than the industry average.

Despite these successes the company faced a perception problem. MMRS is often perceived as a commodity business, says Heather Smiley, CMO and SVP of marketing. So, it had to find new ways to differentiate its retirement plan services from its competitors'. In addition, as a B2B2C company, it sells retirement plans to employers through financial advisors and then the employees have to decide whether to participate in their company's plan. Having to differentiate itself in all of these markets created an additional burden. As Kris Gates, VP of consumer experience marketing at MMRS, says, “The only thing that you can do to differentiate yourself with now is service and experience.”

For MMRS, in large part improving both meant communicating with all of its customers with more relevance.

According to Gates and Smiley, several long-held misconceptions had prevented MMRS from doing so. For example, there are fallacies about customers' occupations. “Things like, people who work on a manufacturing line don't have access to a computer,” Smiley explains. And while many employers view participating in a 401(k) plan as an employee decision, Gates says it's actually more of a family decision. MMRS decided to look at the data and analyze what customers were actually saying, instead of basing its marketing strategies on misconceptions of what it thought they believed. So, MMRS worked with Ernan Roman Direct Marketing Corp. (ERDM) to conduct voice of the customer (VoC) research beginning in December 2011.

Data trumps opinion

Rather than tackling all three customer segments at once, MMRS focused on its B2C group first. Smiley says MMRS's consumer population was the group that the company interacted with the least.

“You don't hear from a really large representation of your participants,” Smiley says, “and you don't have the opportunity to have in-depth conversations with them like a salesperson does with a financial advisor or a relationship manager does with an employer.”

Based on industry quantitative data, MMRS knew that 42% of consumers won't be ready to retire by age 67. Using that as a focal point, MMRS aimed to identify the barriers that prevented people from planning for retirement across different age groups, what tools and services it could provide to make learning about retirement easier, and how the company could form deeper relationships with its customers that would turn them into customers for life. The VoC research comprised 156 one-hour phone interviews conducted by a professional interviewer over the course of 12 weeks. The interview questions included queries about consumers' perception of the brand, their relationship with MMRS, where they were in their retirement planning, and what they thought MMRS should prioritize.

After conducting the research, Gates says, MMRS discovered four key reasons why people don't save for retirement: They don't know where or how to start planning; they're not engaged with their retirement planning process; they don't create a focused goal or structured plan; and “life happens”—meaning many consumers would like to save more, but events like buying a home, having kids, getting divorced, and paying for college get in the way. Gates and Smiley say that the VoC research provided the company with qualitative and life-stage data that helped them identify where customers are in their journey to retirement. This life-stage data helps MMRS map out its programs, services, and messaging over the course of five key stages in the customer lifecycle: enrollment, new customer welcome program, proactive ongoing touches, annual review and anniversary program, and next steps (i.e. when someone is terminated or changes jobs).

Life's a journey

The first step in the customer journey to saving for retirement is enrollment. Before the VoC research, MMRS would look for key 401(k) triggers that signaled when they should contact a consumer, such as starting a new job. But during the research respondents told MMRS that they often feel overwhelmed on their first day of work, so the company should contact them a few weeks later. Consumers cite other preferences when they enroll (using a paper form or an online preference page) for how much they want to save, how they want to invest that money, and how they would like MMRS to contact them. Doing so ensures that MMRS representatives tailor the conversations to each individual's needs.

Two to three weeks later MMRS initiates the welcome program, which entails scheduling an initial call with the consumer, setting up a meeting with an MMRS representative, providing follow-up information for reference, and having individual or group onsite meetings with a representative. What MMRS didn't realize before the VoC research was that consumers have different preferences for each of these stages. For instance, Gates says that MMRS makes outbound calls to welcome its customers, but customers interviewed said that they won't answer their phones if they don't recognize the phone number.

Ernan Roman, president of ERDM, says that consumers have different definitions of “meeting,” as well; for example, a face-to-face encounter, phone call, or online chat. In addition, Gates says MMRS's  Gen Y consumers surveyed asked the company for free reading materials so they can come prepared to the group or one-on-one onsite meetings.

Based on findings from the VOC research, MMRS now ensures that its representatives also are ready for those meetings—by being prepared to talk about what end customers actually want to discuss. When MMRS notifies those customers about an onsite visit, it includes a survey in the email so they can reveal what they'd like to discuss in advance, rather than having the employer dictate the conversation.

Throughout the year MMRS provides content across various channels to keep end customers engaged during the “proactive ongoing touches” stage of the customer lifecycle. One of the most successful is the company's webisode series, “The Smart View,” which mirrors a daytime talk show. The nine episodes comprising season 1's two- to three-minute videos covered a variety of topics, including “How Much Should I Save?” “Refinancing the Mortgage,” and “Pre-retirement Jitters.” In addition, the show featured actual end customers, such as a system IT professional and a billing administrator. The videos also included calls-to-action to one of MMRS's websites, (which provides consumers with tools to start planning for retirement according to age range or life stage), to the company's customer service number, and to the RetireSmart Facebook page.

“We're talking about retirement and money, and 99% of the people couldn't care less,” Gates says. “[So], how do you make it more interesting, keep their focus, give them that little nugget quickly without [boring] them?”

New Book Release: Voice Of The Customer Marketing
"This is the definitive playbook for this new customer-driven era."
—Frank Eliason
Senior Director, National Customer Operations, Comcast
"Thank you, Ernan, for tuning us in to the inner voice of our customers! A deep understanding of our customers' needs and preferences is essential for our future growth."
—Karen Galley
President, Patient News Publishing